Global Citizenship

Section 4 - Developing Cultural Awareness

Global and Local Diversity

'Global Citizenship involves engaging with distant places and different cultures, but this is never undertaken in isolation from our own lives and communities. The focus is rather on exploring what links us to other people, places and cultures, (e)quality of those relationships, and how we can learn from as well as about, those people, places and cultures. All this might result in a very localised expression of Global Citizenship…'
Oxfam 2008 Getting Started with Global Citizenship

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How well do we know our world quiz!

Have a go at these 7 questions to see what you know about the world


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7,110,792,068

source: http://www.geohive.com/earth/population_now.aspx (April 2013)

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(The correct answers are: 12, 61, 1, 5, 12, 8. Enter these numbers next to the correct continents below)

My suggestion
Africa
Asia
Canada and United States
Europe
Oceania
South America, Central America and the Caribbean

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Africa - 12    Asia - 61   Canada and United States - 5   Europe - 12   Oceania - 1   South America, Central America and the Caribbean - 8

*statistics from the book 'If the World Were a Village' (2nd edition) by David J Smith and Shelagh Armstrong(2011)

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Between 6,500 and 7,000

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World Languages

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Arabic
Bengali
Chinese Dialects
English
Hindi
Portuguese
Russian
Spanish


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More than 37,000

(From MMU website 2013)

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Over 70 languages.

(From Global Citizens, Global Futures Survey Feb 2013) This figure is likely to be far more, more than 200 languages are spoken in the Greater Manchester area. http://mlm.humanities.manchester.ac.uk/

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MMU Languages

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Urdu
Spanish
Punjabi
Greek
German
French
Chinese (Mandarin)
Arabic

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Developing Cultural Awareness

(The answers are: Eqypt, UK, Brazil, India, Italy, China, - try and enter them next to the correct country below)

My suggestion
1. Making the 'O.K' signal with your hand is considered very rude
2. Expect to be greeted with a hug and a kiss on both cheeks
3. Showing the soles of your feet is considered rude
4. Giving a clock as a gift symbolises death and can therefore be seen as a sinister action
5. Tapping your nose when saying something indicates that this piece of information should be kept confidential
6. It is normal to eat your food with your hands, often using bread to scoop up your food

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1. Brazil   2. Italy   3. Egypt   4. China   5. UK   6. India

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Developing Cultural Awareness

Watch from 5.10min to 6.51min of this video for an example of some international aid groups' lack of cultural awareness:

This is an example of why it is important that we work with others from around the world to find solutions to problems. Part of developing cultural awareness involves learning about different countries customs and traditions but it is also about effective intercultural communication - learning to work in mutually beneficial partnerships with people from across the world.

Have you ever encountered any cultural traditions that have not been familiar to you?
Have you been in a situation where you have worked with people with different perspectives?

  1. Describe the situation(s)
  2. What were the challenges (if any)?
  3. Write down some of your ideas as to how to work with people with different perspectives and cultural traditions.

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Summary of Section Four

"Culture is like an iceberg"

Above the surface are the visible aspects of culture which are easy to see such as language, food, greetings, dress & music. Because we see them we can react to them. The biggest part of culture is hidden below the surface, the invisible rules and values that define each culture. Difficulties arise when the rules of one culture are used to interpret the behaviour of another culture with a different set of cultural rules.

That's the end of this section!

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